What was the Cause
The reason for Crusades was a war
between Christians and Muslims which centered around the city of
Jerusalem. The City of Jerusalem held a Holy significance to both the
Christian religion and the Muslim religion. For Christians the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
in Jerusalem commemorated the hill of crucifixion and the tomb of Christ's burial
and was visited by Pilgrims. In 1065 Jerusalem was taken by
the Turks and over 3000 Christians were massacred which started a chain of events
which all contributed to the cause of Crusades.
What were the
Objectives of Crusades?
The Objectives of the Crusades was at
first to release the Holy Land, in particular Jerusalem, from the
Saracens, but in time was extended to seizing Spain from the Moors, the
Slavs and Pagans from eastern Europe, and the islands of the
How many Crusades
There were a total of nine major crusades! The first four crusades were seen
as the most import and scant reference is made to the other crusades -
with the exception of the Children's crusade which effectively led to
the decline of Crusades. For a period of two hundred years Europe
and Asia were engaged in almost constant warfare due to the crusades. Throughout this period
in history there was a continuous movement of European crusaders to and from the Moslem
possessions in Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt.
The First Crusade -
The 1st crusade, which lasted from 1095-1099, established the Latin
Kingdom of Jerusalem, providing more lands for the crusading knights,
who often travelled across Europe to try their fortunes and to visit the
The Second Crusade
- 2nd Crusade
During the period of the 2nd crusade the religious military orders,
known as the Hospitallers and the Templars, were formed
The Third Crusade -
The 3rd crusade resulted in the capture of Jerusalem by Saladin in 1187
The Fourth Crusade
- 4th Crusade
During the period of the 4th crusade the crusaders of the Fourth
expedition captured Constantinople instead of Jerusalem.
The Fall of
Jerusalem and Acre - the Last Crusades
The kingdom of Jerusalem was gradually lost
until the last Christian city, Acre, fell in 1291. The dream of
returning to the Holy Land nonetheless proved popular; the Kings of
France and England frequently made such plans, though in nearly every
case Crusades were redirected or derailed by regional tensions.
The Effects of Crusades
The effects of Crusades on Europe of the Middle Ages were an
important factor in the history of the progress of civilization. The
effects of Crusades influenced the wealth and power of the Catholic
Church, Political matters, commerce, feudalism, intellectual
development, social effects, material effects and the effects of the
crusades also prompted the famous Voyages of discovery.
- The Kingdom of Jerusalem
The Kingdom of Jerusalem was ruled by European Kings and Queens between 1099 and 1291. This section details the
founding of the Kingdom of Jerusalem by by Godfrey of Bouillon, the
first ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and its fall into the hands of
Saladin. The names of all the Kings and Queens of the Kingdom of
Jerusalem are also listed on this section.
The crusaders came from both the Upper and Lower classes. What prompted
tens of thousands of people to travel 1000 miles to go on the First
Crusade? What privileges were granted to crusaders?
Facts and information about Crusades Timeline
in Medieval Times. People and
events in Medieval Times via the facts and information
contained in this detailed Timeline. Crusades Timeline
details the key dates and leaders of each Crusade.
The Holy Land Pilgrimages sprang from the pilgrimages which Christians
had long been accustomed to make to the scenes of Christ's life on
Medieval Life and Times Sitemap