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Dante

Medieval life and Times

Short Biography about the life of Dante
The following biography, short history and interesting facts provide helpful information for history courses and history coursework about the life and history of Dante a famous Medieval character of historical importance who lived during the Middle Ages:

  • Country of Origin / Nationality: English

  • Also Known as: Dante Alighiere
  • Lifetime: 1265 1321
  • Born: He was born on June 1, 1265
  • Family connections : He was the son of Alighiero de Bellincione and Donna Bella degli Abatia, a prominent family in Florence. The family had strong loyalties to the White Guelfs, a political alliance representing the indigenous population of Florence that supported the Papacy
  • Occupation and Career - Dante Timeline:
    • 1265: Dante Alighiere is born on June 1, 1265
    • 1271: Dante's mother dies
    • 1272: Alighiero, the father of Dante Alighieri, married Miss Lapa di Chiarissimo Cialuffi. They two children, Dante's brother Francesco and sister Tana
    • 1276: Alighiero, the father of Dante Alighieri, dies
    • 1277: Dante Alighiere is married to Gemma Donati, with whom he has four children  called Jacopo, Pietro, Giovanni and Antonia
    • 1284: Dante Alighiere meets Guido Cavalcanti, Lapo Gianni, Cino da Pistoia, and soon after Brunetto Latini and together they became the leaders of Dolce Stil Nuovo (The Sweet New Style)
    • 1289: Participates as a cavalryman in the Battle of Campaldino when the Guelf League  defeats the Ghibellines of Arezzo
    • 1289: Dante details the Battle of Campaldino in Purgatorio
    • 1292: Dante Alighiere writes the Vita nuova
    • 1294: Dante meets Charles Martel the King of Hungary and heir to the kingdom of Naples and the country of Provence. Dante recounts their meeting in Paradiso VIII
    • 1295: To further his political career, he became a doctor and a pharmacist and Dante Alighiere joins the guild of the apothecaries
    • 1295:  Dante Alighiere enters public life
    • 1300: Dante Alighiere becomes one of the six highest magistrates in Florence
    • 1301: Dante Alighiere is sent to Rome as an envoy to Pope Boniface VIII, as Charles of Valois approaches Florence
    • 1302: The Black Guelfs seize power in Florence. Dante was condemned to exile for two years, and ordered to pay a large sum of money. He was forever excluded from public office
    • 1302: The sentence is increased to life long exile from Florence under threat of being burnt alive if taken in the territory of the Florentine Republic
    • 1303: Dante Alighiere began sketching the foundations for the Divine Comedy, a work in 100 cantos
    • 1304: Dante Alighiere writes De vulgari eloquentia and the Convivio
    • 1306: Dante completed the Divine Comedy which includes Dante's Inferno
    • 1308: Dante visited Paris
    • 1310: Henry VII of Luxembourg, Holy Roman Emperor, invades Italy and Dante writes to him and other powerful leaders inciting them to destroy the Black Guelfs
    • 1314: Publication of Inferno
    • 1315: Dante Alighiere moves to Verona as a guest of Cangrande della Scala. Works on Purgatorio and Paradiso, and composes the Questio de acque et terra
    • 1319: Dante Alighiere moves to Ravenna as the guest of Guido Novello da Polenta and then travels to Venice
    • Dante never returns to his beloved Florence and expresses the pain of exile in Canto XVII (55-60) of Paradiso
    • 1321: Dante Alighiere falls ill on return from Venice, where he had been sent as ambassador by Guido Da Polenta, and dies on September 13 or 14.
  • A verse by Dante preserved the name of Cimabue when he wrote, "Cimabue thought himself the master of painters, Giotto took from him the glory and relegated him to oblivion."   
  • Died: Dante died on September 13/14, 1321
  • Accomplishments and Achievements or why Dante was famous: Medieval Poet and Politician.

Dante
The story and biography of Dante which contains interesting information, facts & the history about the life of this Medieval person of historical importance

Dante's Inferno
Dante Alighiere wrote the Divine Comedy which is composed of three canticas

  • Inferno (Hell) referred to as Dante's Inferno

  • Purgatorio (Purgatory)

  • Paradiso (Paradise)

The Divine Comedy is composed respectively of 34, 33, and 33 cantos. The first cantica, Inferno, is by far the most famous of the three, and is often published separately under the title Dante's Inferno. In the Divine Comedy Dante Alighiere tells, in the first person, of his travels through the three realms of the dead - Inferno (Hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory), and Paradiso (Paradise). His guide through Hell (Dante's Inferno) and Purgatory is the Latin poet Virgil, author of The Aeneid, and the guide through Paradise is Beatrice, Dante's ideal of a perfect woman.

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