Arcade: A series of arches
supported by columns or piers.
Armatures: Iron framework used within mason-less Rose Windows to support
the glass weight.
Barrel Vault: The simplest
form of a vault, resembling a barrel, consisting of a continuous surface
of semicircular or pointed sections.
Chevron: An ancient design motif used in Christian architecture dating
back to the Romanesque period.
Cinquefoil: A five sided design of converging arcs.
Fan vaulting: A decorative and intricate form of tracery in which the
ribs of a Vault arch out in a concave fan pattern.
Fillet: Delicate adornment strips applied to shafts and archways
Finial: An ornamental capping placed on the top of spires
Flying Buttress: The Flying Buttress was an innovative feature of
Medieval Gothic architecture. The buttress was introduced when the
weight of the ceilings would tend to buckle the walls outward and large
piles of stone would be stacked along the wall in intervals to buttress
(or support) the walls from pushing outward - these piles of stones
became included in designs of structures, such as castles and cathedrals
and were called buttresses.
Fluting: Carved grooves sculpted into piers, columns and pillars.
Gargoyles: In Architectural
terms only the hideous carved creature serving as actual water spout is
called a Gargoyle.
Grisaille: A stained glass window incorporating muted tones as opposed
to bright colors.
Grotesques: A decorative sculpture known as a Grotesque. A grotesque may function solely as decoration not
as a water spout as in a Gargoyle.
Hammer Beam: A short
horizontal beam, usually made of wood, extending from the top of a
masonry wall outward towards the center of an enclosed space, but not
completely crossing it.
Keystone : The apex of the
Niche: A recess in a wall.
Oriel: A projection from the
upper story of a building often containing windows.
Pinnacle: A vertical ornament forming the spire of a turret.
Rose Window: A circular
window composed of patterned tracery arranged in petal-like, or
Spire: An elongated, pointed
structure which rises from a tower, turret or roof.