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Medieval History Timeline

Medieval life and Times

Medieval History Timeline

Medieval Times encompass one of the most exciting and bloodthirsty periods in English and European History. This comprehensive Medieval History Timeline of the Medieval period details the major events significant to the lives and events of famous people and the Kings and Queens of England and Europe.

The Medieval Timeline starts in 1066 with the Battle of Hastings and the Norman Conqest and ends in 1485 with the death of King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field. This comprehensive Medieval History Timeline details the major events significant to life during the Medieval era. The Timeline of covers all of the reigns of the Kings of England from the Normans to the Plantagenet's culminating in the events surrounding the Wars of the Roses.


1066-1087
The Battle of Hastings and the defeat of Harold Godwinson
The reign of King William the Conqueror
The Building of Norman castles in England including the Tower of London in 1073
1086 - Compilation of the Doomsday book


1087-1100
The reign of King William Rufus (son of William)
William invades Wales and builds castles on the borders 


1100-1135

The reign of King Henry I (William Rufus brother)


1135-1154
The reign of King Stephen (nephew of Henry I)
1099: First Crusade. Jerusalem is re-taken from the Muslims on the urging of Pope Urban II
1118: The Knights Templar founded to protect Jerusalem and European pilgrims on their journey to the city
1147: Second Crusade


1154-1189
The reign of King Henry II (grandson of Henry I)
1156: Kremlin built in Moscow
1158: The Hanseatic League is founded
1184: The first of many Inquisitions begins
1170: Thomas a Becket is murdered in Canterbury Cathedral


1189-1199
The reign of King Richard I (third son of Henry II)
1190: Third Crusade. Saladin manages to unite the Muslim world and recapture Jerusalem, sparking the Third Crusade


1199-1216

The reign of King John (fifth son of Henry II)
1200: Fourth Crusade embarks. Eventually sacks Constantinople
1212: Children's Crusade
1214 -1215: Barons revolt
1215: Magna Carta is signed


1216-1272
The reign of King Henry III (son of John)
1258: Provisions of Oxford forced upon Henry III of England, establishing a new form of government limited regal authority


1272-1307
The reign of King Henry III (son of John)
1258: Provisions of Oxford forced upon Henry III of England, establishing a new form of government limited regal authority


1307-1327
The reign of King Edward III (son of Edward II)
1337: The Hundred Years War begins. England and France struggle for dominance of Western Europe
1346: Battle of Crecy
1347: The Black Death ravages Europe for the first of many times. An estimated 20% - 40% of the population is thought to have perished within the first year
1356: Battle of Poitiers

1327-1377
The reign of King Edward III (son of Edward II)
1337: The Hundred Years War begins. England and France struggle for dominance of Western Europe
1346: Battle of Crecy
1347: The Black Death ravages Europe for the first of many times. An estimated 20% - 40% of the population is thought to have perished within the first year
1356: Battle of Poitiers

1377-1399
The reign of King Richard II (grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince)
1380: Chaucer begins to write The Canterbury Tales
1381: Peasants Revolt in England
1382: The Bible is translated into English by John Wycliffe.

1399-1413
The reign of King Henry IV (grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt)

1413-1422
The reign of King Henry V (son of Henry IV)
1415: Battle of Agincourt

1422-1461
The reign of King Henry VI (son of Henry V)
1429: Joan of Arc lifts the siege of Orleans for the Dauphin of France, enabling him to eventually be crowned at Reims
1430: Capture, trial, and execution of Joan of Arc
1434: The Medici family rises to prominence in Florence
1452: Leonardo da Vinci is born
1453: The Hundred Years War ends. Calais is the only English possession on Continental Europe
1455: Johann Gutenberg prints the first of his Bibles on his new printing press
1455: The Wars of the Roses begins in England

1461-1483
The reign of King Edward IV ( youngest son of Edward III)
William Caxton sets up a printing press in Westminster

1483-1485
The reign of King Richard III (uncle of Edward V)
1485: The Wars of the Roses ends and the Tudor dynasty begins

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