Lifetime: 1442 –
Period he reigned as King
of England: March 4, 1461 - Oct 31,1470 and April 11, 1471 -
April 9, 1483
King Edward IV was born on April 28, 1442 at Rouen
Close family connections or relatives: He was the son of Richard, Duke of
York (1411-1460) and Cecily Neville (1415-1495)
Elizabeth Woodville (c. 1437-1492)
Elizabeth of York (1466-1503) and the two little princes -
Edward V (1470- c. 1483) and Richard, 1st Duke of York (1473
- c. 1483)
Date when King
died: April 9, 1483 at Westminster. He was buried at Windsor
Cause of the
Death of King Edward IV: Actual cause is unknown but Edward
fell ill during Easter 1483. He named his brother Gloucester
as Protector after his death and entrusted his young sons to
King Edward IV: Edward
was merry, good-natured when not angered, intelligent, lazy,
selfish, self-indulgent and full of vices.
Accomplishments and Achievements or why King Edward IV was famous:
Wars of the Roses (1455 - 1485). King Edward IV was a notorious womaniser, his most famous
mistress was the beautiful
Jane Shore. He was the father of
the tragic Richard and Edward the 'Princes in the Tower'.
King Edward IV
The story and biography of King Edward IV which contains interesting
information, facts & the history about the life of King Edward IV
Timeline of King Edward IV
The story of King
King Edward IV reigned as King
of England during the following periods: March 4, 1461 - Oct
31,1470 and April 11, 1471 - April 9, 1483. King Edward IV had been proclaimed King of
England, usurping the throne of the mad King Henry VI. The mentally unstable and pious
Lancastrian King Henry VI and his headstrong and ambitious wife Margaret
of Anjou were imprisoned in the Tower of London from 1465 until 1470.
Henry was briefly restored to power in 1470. King Henry VI was again
imprisoned in the Tower of London where he died. The cause of his death
is unknown. His son, Edward, was taken prisoner by Richard, Duke
of Gloucester and brought before King Edward IV. When the young Edward
insulted the Yorkist king, Edward IV ordered his immediate murder.
Edward IV had been secretly
married to the beautiful Elizabeth Woodville, Lady Grey.
Her first husband had been killed fighting for Henry, and she had
stood under an oak tree, when King Edward was passing, to entreat
that his lands might not be taken from her little boys. The king
fell in love with her and married her, but for a long time he was
reluctant to tell the powerful Earl of Warwick. When he did, Warwick was
greatly offended, and all the more because Elizabeth's relations were
proud and ambitious, and tried to set themselves above all
the old nobles. King Edward IV was a notorious womaniser who took many
mistresses including Jane Shore. After his death the children of his
marriage to Elizabeth Woodville were
declared illegitimate on the grounds that Edward had been pre-contracted
to marry another woman, Lady Eleanor Talbot, prior to his marriage
to Elizabeth Woodville.
Edward's two younger
brothers, George, Duke of Clarence, and Richard, Duke of Gloucester
(later King Richard III of England) were married to Isabella Neville and
Anne Neville, who were both daughters of the Earl of Warwick.
The Earl of Warwick was given the name 'Warwick the Kingmaker'. There
were constant arguments between Edward and his ambitious and disloyal
brother the Duke of Clarence. The king ordered the Duke of Clarence to be
imprisoned in the Tower; and there, before long, he was killed.
The saying was that he was drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine. Edward defeated
the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Barnet on April 14, 1471. Warwick
the Kingmaker was killed. King
Edward IV declared war on France in
1475 and set out to conquer France. He then allowed the King of France
to pay him off, and went home again, a laughing-stock.
Changes during the
Reign of King Edward IV
Great changes were made during the reign of
King Edward IV. King Edward's sister, the
Duchess of Burgundy, encouraged a printer named Caxton, whose
books she sent her brother, and other presses were set up in London.
Another great change had come in. In the time of Henry III.,
Roger Bacon had made gunpowder; but nobody used it much until, in the
reign of Edward III., it was found out how cannon might be fired with
it; and some say it was first used in the battle of Crecy. But it was
not till the reign of Edward IV. that smaller guns, such as each soldier
could carry one of for himself, were invented called harquebuses, and after this the whole way of
fighting was gradually altered. Printing and gunpowder both made
great changes in everything, though not all at once. King Edward
did not live to see the changes. He had hurt his health with his revelling and amusements, and died in middle age, in the year
1483. He left two young sons - Edward and Richard. Edward V was the eldest son
of King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. He was born in 1470 and
ascended the throne when his father died in 9th April 1483. Richard of
Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York was the second son of King Edward IV and
Elizabeth Woodville. They were fated to become known as the tragic
'Princes in the Tower'.