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King Henry V Biography

Medieval life and Times

Short Biography about the life of King Henry V of England
The following biography, short history and interesting facts provide helpful information for history courses and history coursework about the life of King Henry V King of England:

  • Country of Origin / Nationality: English
  • Also Known as: Henry of Monmouth

  • Lifetime: 1387 1422
  • Period he reigned as King of England:  March 21, 1413 - August 31, 1422
  • Born: King Henry V was born on September 16, 1387 in Monmouth, Wales
  • Close family connections or relatives: He was the son of King Henry IV (1367-1413) and Mary de Bohun (c. 1369-1394) 
  • Date succeeded to the throne of England: March 21, 1413
  • Married: Catherine of Valois (1401-1437)
  • Children: Henry VI
  • Date when King Henry V died: August 31, 1422 in Bois de Vincennes. He was buried in Westminster Abbey
  • Cause of Death : Henry V died of dysentery
  • Character of King Henry V: Brave, likeable, fair - a great Knight
  • Accomplishments and Achievements or why King Henry V was famous: Victory at the Battle of Agincourt during the Hundred Years War

King Henry V
The story and biography of King Henry V which contains interesting information, facts & the history about the life of King Henry V

Timeline of King Henry V

The story of King Henry V ( AKA : Henry of Monmouth)
The young King Henry was full of high, good thoughts. He was devout in going to church, tried to make good Bishops, gave freely to the poor, and was so kindly, and hearty, and merry in all his words and ways, that everyone loved him. Still, he thought it was his duty to go and make war in France. He had been taught to believe the kingdom belonged to him, and it was in so wretched a state that he thought he could do it good.  He took the town of Harfleur, on the coast of Normandy, but not till after a long siege, when his camp was in so wet a place that there was much illness among his men.  The French army was very large, twice the number of the English, but, though Henry's men were weary and half-starved, and many of them sick, they were not afraid. The king walked from tent to tent to see that each man was in his place; while, on the other hand, the French were feasting and revelling, and settling what they would do the English when they had made them prisoners. They were close to a little village which the English called Agincourt, and, though that is not quite its right name, it is what we have called the battle ever since.

The French, owing to the quarrelsome state of the country, had no order or obedience among them. Nobody would obey any other; and when their own archers were in the way, the horsemen began cutting them down as if they were the enemy. Some fought bravely, but it was of little use; and by night all the French were routed, and King Henry's banner waving in victory over the field.

King Henry V went back to England in great glory, and all the aldermen of London came out to meet him in red gowns and gold chains, and among them was Sir Richard Whittington, the great silk mercer. Henry was so modest that he would not allow the helmet he had worn at Agincourt, all knocked about with terrible blows, to be carried before him when he rode into London, and he went straight to church, to give thanks to God for his victory.

He soon went back to France, and went on conquering it till the queen came to an agreement with him that he should marry his daughter Catherine, and that, though crazy Charles VI. should reign to the end of his life, when he died Henry and Catherine should be king and queen of France. So Henry and Catherine were married, and he took her home to England with great joy and pomp, leaving his brother Thomas, Duke of Clarence to take care of his army in France. News came to Henry that his army had been beaten, and his brother killed. He came back again in haste to France, and his presence made everything go well again; but all the winter he was besieging the town of Meaux. His queen came to him, and they kept a very grand court at Paris, at Whitsuntide; but soon after, when Henry set out to join his army, he found himself so ill and weak that he was obliged to turn back to the Castle of Vincennes, where he grew much worse. He called for all his friends, and begged them to be faithful to his little baby son, whom he had never even seen; and he spoke especially to his brother John, Duke of Bedford, to whom he left the charge of all he had gained. He died when he was only thirty-four years old, while he was listening to the 51st Psalm. Everybody grieved for him,  even the French. King Henry V was buried at Westminster Abbey, near London.

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