Life in a Medieval
Life in a Medieval Village was self-sufficing. Perhaps the most striking feature of
Life in a Medieval Village was its self- sufficiency. The inhabitants tried to produce at home everything they required, in order to avoid the uncertainty and expense of trade. The
land gave them their food; the forest provided them with wood for houses and furniture. They made their own clothes of flax, wool, and leather. Their meal and flour were ground at the village mill, and at the village
smithy their farm implements were manufactured. The chief articles which needed to be brought from some distant market were salt, used to salt down farm animals killed in autumn, iron for various tools, and millstones.
Cattle, horses, and surplus grain also formed common objects of exchange between manors.
Life in a Medieval
The Peasants and the Lords
Life in a medieval village was rude and rough. The peasants labored from sunrise to sunset, ate coarse fare, lived in huts, and suffered from frequent pestilences. They were often the helpless prey of the feudal nobles. If their lord happened to be a quarrelsome man, given to
fighting with his neighbors, they might see their lands ravaged, their cattle driven off, their village burned, and might themselves be slain. Even under peaceful conditions the narrow, shut-in life of the manor could
not be otherwise than degrading.
Under feudalism the lords and nobles of the land
had certain rights over Medieval Serfs and Peasants which included the
right of jurisdiction, which gave judicial power to the nobles and lords
and the right of hunting. For more interesting information about rights
in Medieval Times click the following link:
The Positive points
of Life in a Medieval Village
There were positive points of
peasants and their Life in a Medieval Village. If the peasants had a just and generous lord, they probably led a fairly comfortable existence. Except when crops failed, they had an abundance of food, and possibly
a cider drink. They shared a common life in the work of the fields, in the sports of the village green, and in the services of the parish church. They enjoyed many holidays; it has been estimated that, besides Sundays, about eight weeks in every year were free from work. Festivities at Christmas, Easter and May Day
May Pole Dancing, at the end of ploughing and the
completion of harvest, relieved the monotony of the daily round of labor.