Courtly love - romantic ballads. The
troubadour would play for royalty, lords and nobles. The themes of the songs sung
by the Medieval Troubadours also dealt with chivalry and courtly love but they
also told stories of far lands and historical events.
Medieval Troubadours become
the elite - The Trouveres
The role of the Medieval Troubadours changed to part of an elite society of royalty and nobles. These elite
Medieval Troubadours originated as aristocratic poet and musicians of Provence,
France. Travel in Medieval Times, prompted by the Crusades, led to a
new and unprecedented interest in beautiful objects, elegant manners,
poetry and music. Many Medieval Troubadours were nobles and knights who had
joined the Crusades. The aristocratic Medieval Troubadours were poets who
originated in the south of France where they wrote the lyrics in
Provencal (langue d'oc). The Medieval Troubadours of the north of France wrote in
French (langue d'oil) and were called called
Trouveres. The poetry
of the Medieval Troubadours and the trouvères was invariably linked with music.
These elite Medieval Troubadours even included nobility such as the King of
Navarre, the King of Spain and
King Richard the Lionheart of England.
Richard the Lionheart was the son of
Eleanor of Aquitaine who was one of the greatest patrons of Music
and the Medieval Troubadours of the Middle Ages.
Queen Eleanor of
Aquitaine and the Medieval Troubadours
Eleanor of Aquitaine was the granddaughter
of William IX of Aquitaine. Her grandfather was the first influential
patron of the aristocratic music of the Medieval Troubadours. Her father was
William X continued to patronize the music and poetry of the
Medieval Troubadours. It was only natural that Eleanor of Aquitaine would
continue in this tradition. Eleanor of Aquitaine married
King Henry II
on 18 May 1152. She encouraged the Medieval Troubadours and received them at
the English court. The tradition and arts of the Medieval Troubadours soon became
part of the English society and her son, Richard the Lionheart became
one of these aristocratic Medieval Troubadours and his story has included the
In Germany, the troubadours became
minnesingers, or singers of love songs, and as early as the middle of
the twelfth century the minnesingers were already a powerful factor in
the life of the era, counting among their number many great nobles and
kings. The German minnesingers differed from the French troubadours in
that they themselves accompanied their songs on the viol, instead of
Jongleurs were often collaborators or assistants of
Medieval Troubadours or trouveres. Jongleurs gained a reputation of
itinerant entertainers of the Middle Ages in France and
Norman England. Their repertoire included extravagant skills
in dancing, conjuring, acrobatics, and juggling. The
Jongleurs also played a part in singing, and storytelling.
Many were skilled in playing musical instruments, although
their skills were not greatly recognised or rewarded.
The Medieval Troubadours and
The ideals of courtly love was publicised in the poems, ballads,
writings and literary works of various authors and
sung by Medieval Troubadours.
Geoffrey Chaucer, the most famous
Medieval author, wrote stories about courtly love in the Canterbury Tales.
The Medieval Troubadours sang ballads about courtly love and
were expected to memorize the words of long poems describing the valour
and the code of chivalry followed by the
Medieval knights. The
Medieval Troubadours sang about the Dark Age myths of Arthurian Legends
King Arthur, Camelot and the
Knights of the Round
Table. The Troubadours therefore strengthened the idea
of a Knights Code of Chivalry and Courtly Love.