Different Types of Medieval Swords
Facts and a description of the different types of Medieval swords follow. For full details click on the appropriate link.
- The Broadsword - The earliest of the Medieval swords from the 6th Century. The Broadsword had a two-edged blade measuring 2-3 inches wide at the base and tapering to a point. The length of the Broadsword ranged from 30 - 45 inches and weighed between 3 - 5 pounds
- The Falchion Sword - A Falchion sword was favoured by some Medieval Knights who had been on Crusade. This sword was similar to a heavy scimitar. The Medieval Falchion swords had a short, heavy blade with a single edge
- The Great Sword - The Great Swords were large two-handed swords. The length of the Great Swords ranged from from 50 to 72 inches, with a handle that measured 18 - 21 inches in additional length. Great Swords weighed between 6 - 10 pounds. The Great Sword featured an extended handle that allowed the blade to be used in two hands
- The Long Sword aka as the Bastard Sword - Long Swords (Bastard swords) are also known as Hand and a Half swords. The length of the Long Sword (Bastard sword) ranged from from 44 to 50 inches in length.
- The Bastard Sword aka as the Long Sword - The versatility of the design of Bastard Swords prevented the sword from being specifically categorized as either a one-handed or two-handed weapon hence the name 'Bastard'
- The Scimitar - The scimitar was a type of sword most commonly associated with the Saracens in the Holy Land who fought against the Crusaders. Scimitars had a distinct curved blade ending with a sharp point
- Wooden Swords or Batons were used for training as practice swords
- The Cutting sword - These swords were at first used by early Medieval Knights and were also particularly favoured by the the Vikings. A slashing stroke would be used but this became ineffective against heavy body armour
- The English Tuck (Estoc) Sword - Thrusting swords to penetrate armor. Estoc is the French word meaning thrust or point
- The Badelaire - A French term for a short, broad, curved, and double-edged pointed sword
- Backsword - A sword with one sharp edge
- Cruciform - A generic term for any sword which when inverted point downward will form the shapeof a crucifix
- Hand and a Half Sword - also called a Long Sword or Bastard Sword
- Malchus Sword - Single-Handed Sword
- Curve Blade Swords - German curved Messer, Grossmessr and the Bohemian Dusask
- Storta - Italian curved storta sword
- Messer - German machete style of sword
- Braquemart - straight bladed but curved-edge