The Law, Crime,
Torture and Punishment - Pillory
There were no laws or rules
to protect the treatment of prisoners
who faced torture or punishment, such as the Pillory. No matter what the type of torture or punishment
was used it was seen as a totally legitimate means for
justice to extract confessions, obtain the names of accomplices, obtain
testimonies or confessions or to impose a penalty, sanctioned by law for a wrong committed.The following description provides facts and information about the Pillory.
Information about the Pillory in France
In France torture using the Medieval Pillory was practised and described
"When it was only required to
stamp a culprit with infamy he was put into the Medieval Pillory, which was
generally a kind of scaffold furnished with chains and iron collars, and
bearing on its front the arms of the feudal lord. In Paris, this name
was given to a round isolated tower built in the centre of the market.
The tower was sixty feet high, and had large openings in its thick
walls, and a horizontal wheel was provided, which was capable of turning
on a pivot. This wheel was pierced with several holes, made so as to
hold the hands and head of the culprit, who, on passing and re-passing
before the eyes of the crowd, came in full view, and was subjected to
their hooting and jeers. The pillories were always situated in the most
frequented places, such as markets and crossways"
Description - Juggs
The word 'Juggs' was a term used to
describe an instrument of punishment formerly in use in Scotland,
Holland and possibly other countries. It was an iron collar fastened by
a short chain to a wall, often of the parish church, or to a tree. The
collar was placed round the offender's neck and fastened by a padlock.
The juggs was similar to a pillory. It was used for ecclesiastical as
well as civil offences. Examples of Juggs may still be seen in Scotland.