Medieval Lords, knights and their Siege Engineers
identified the weakest parts of the Castle or town that they needed to
attack and planned the Medieval Siege Weapon Design accordingly.
Medieval Siege Weapon Design
The following elements had to be
discussed and taken taken into account before arriving at the final
decision for the Medieval Siege Weapon Design.
Strength and size of the
castle or town to be attacked
Potential weak points
The number of fighting
men and the resources inside the castle
What was the morale of
the enemy like - could this be reduced further by fear and
The fear instilled by
the massive siege weapons could help with this
What supplies were
likely to be available in the castle?
Was there a supply route
for new supplies - access to the sea? Could this prolong the siege
and increase the expense involved?
Was Fresh water readily
What were the strength
and types of weapons inside the castle?
The Fortifications of
the Medieval Castle - The attackers needed to identify all the weak spots of
the Castle. Medieval Defences such as a Portcullis, Drawbridge, Barbican,
Murder Holes and Moat would have to be surmounted with the help of
The correct position for
the siege engines had to be established to ensure maximum
effectiveness with minimum casualties!
The land surrounding the
castle would be checked out to determine the local materials which
were available for building the Medieval siege engines and whether they would
be suitable for the Medieval Siege Weapon Design
The size of the castle
wall would determine the height and the Medieval Siege Weapon Design
The next stage would be
to estimate the length of time required to build the siege weapon
Then the resources, in
terms of man power, required to build the siege engine and ensuring
that skilled Medieval siege weapon makers were available, such as carpenters
Blacksmiths, to make the parts of the siege engine
Ensure a sufficient and
the correct type of tools were available to build the Medieval siege engines
Finally oxen had to be
slaughtered to obtain wet hides necessary to cover some parts of
siege weapons e.g. siege towers, to minimise casualties.
Arrangements often had to be made to have them imported
The whole area outside the
Medieval castle became a noisy hive of activity. The Medieval Siege Weapon Design
had been finalised and the siege engines would be built! Battle plans
had to be drawn - no two sieges were ever conducted in exactly the same
way. During this siege weapon preparation period the attackers would
seek terms of surrender with the enemy. Failure to 'Come to Terms'
resulted in siege warfare and the use of the terrifying Medieval siege weapons.