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King Edward I Timeline

Medieval life and Times

Timeline of King Edward I
The Middle Ages encompass one of the most exciting and bloodthirsty periods in English and European History.

Biography of King Edward I

The reign of Edward: June 17 1239 July 7, 1307. He was the son of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

1239: King Edward I was born on 1 October 1207 at Westminster

1254: October: Edward married: Eleanor of Castile (12411290) their surviving children were Joan of Acre, Alphonso, Earl of Chester, Edward (later King Edward II)

1256: Welsh revolt: Llewelyn ap Gruffydd declared himself ruler of North Wales and rebelled against English control.

1257: Edward and his father King Henry III quash the Welsh rebellion

1264 - 1265: The Second Barons War the leading royalist was Prince Edward Longshanks (later Edward I of England) who was opposed by barons led by Simon de Montfort

1264: Battle of Lewes May 14: Henry was defeated and taken prisoner by Simon de Montfort's army. Prince Edward escaped and continued the fight

1270: The Eighth Crusade: The 8th Crusade led by Louis IX

1271 - 1272: The Ninth Crusade led by Edward. Prince Edward and his wife Eleanor leave for the Holy Land

1272: King Henry III died on 16 November 1272 at Westminster in London. He was buried in Westminster Abbey

1274: The coronation of Edward I was on August 19, 1274

1278: Edward commissioned the building of four major castles in Wales - Flint, Rhuddlan, Builth and Aberystwyth

1282: Edward commissioned the building of Caernarfon, Conwy, Harlech and Beaumaris castles in Wales as part of his strategy to dominate the Welsh

1284: The Statute of Rhuddlan: Wales became incorporated into England

1290: Queen Eleanor died and King Edward was distraught. He erected the Eleanor crosses, one at each place where her funeral cortege stopped for the night

1292: John Balliol was crowned King of Scotland at Scone

1296: April 1296: Balliol formally renounced his homage to Edward. Edward retaliated by invading and sacking Berwick. . The Battle of Dunbar followed and Edinburgh Castle was captured.

1296: John de Balliol, King of Scots abdicated on 10th July 1296 and spent the rest of his life in exile

1296: Stone of Scone: King Edward had the sacred Stone of Scone, also known as the Stone of Destiny, removed to London and placed in the Coronation Chair in Westminster Abbey

1296: The Scottish Rebellion and William Wallace ( now known as Braveheart ) led the Scots.

1298: The Battle of Falkirk : William Wallace was defeated by King Edward. Wallace escaped but was later captured

1299 : September: King Edward married Marguerite of France (12821317), the daughter of King Philippe III of France (Phillip the Bold) and Maria of Brabant, their surviving children were Thomas, Earl of Norfolk and Edmund, Earl of Kent

1305 : William Wallace was tried and executed in London. The Scots were still not subdued

1306: Robert the Bruce (1274-1329) rebelled and was crowned king of Scotland. King Edward was desperate to punish the Scots and led another army to Scotland. He died in en-route.

1307: King Edward I died on July 7, 1307 at Burgh-by-Sands, Cumberland, England. He was buried at Westminster Abbey

1307: King Edward I was succeeded by his son Edward who became King Edward II

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