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Martin Luther

Medieval life and Times

Short Biography about the life of Martin Luther
The following biography, short history and interesting facts provide helpful information for history courses and history coursework about the life and history of Martin Luther a famous Medieval character of historical importance who lived during the Middle Ages:

  • Country of Origin / Nationality: German born Eisleben in the Holy Roman Empire

  • Lifetime: 1483 - 1546
  • Born: He was born on November 10, 1483
  • Childhood, early life and education: Various strict schools and the University of Erfurt
  • Family connections : He was the son of Hans and Margarethe Luther (née Lindemann). He married Katharina von Bora and had children named Hans, Elizabeth, Magdalena, Martin, Paul, Margarethe
  • Died: Martin Luther died on February 18, 1546 (aged 62)
  • Accomplishments and Achievements or why Martin Luther was famous: As a Theologian and religious reformer who founded the Lutheran religion. The ideas of Martin Luther highly influenced the Protestant Reformation of Europe

Protestant Reformation

Martin Luther Timeline and Biography
The story, biography and Timeline of Martin Luther contains interesting information, facts & the history about the life of this Medieval person of historical importance:

  • 1483: Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483
  • 1505: Obtained his degree as Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Erfurt and entered a closed Augustinian friary in Erfurt as a monk
  • 1507: Luther was ordained as a Roman Catholic priest
  • 1508: Moved to Wittenberg and began teaching theology at the University of Wittenberg
  • 1510: Sent on a mission to Rome
  • 1511: Made a Doctor of the Holy Scriptures
  • 1516: Johann Tetzel, a Dominican friar and papal commissioner for indulgences, was sent to Germany by Pope Leo X to sell 'indulgences' to raise money to rebuild St Peter's Basilica in Rome. An indulgence was the remission of punishment due for sins which had already been confessed and absolution given. Martin Luther became convinced that the church was corrupt in their ways
  • 1517: Luther wrote a scholastic objection protesting against the church practice of indulgencies which came to be known as the 95 Theses in this he denied that the pope had the right to forgive sins
  • 1517: Luther nailed a copy of the 95 Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg
  • 1517: The 95 Theses were translated from German into Latin, were printed and distributed across Europe
  • 1518: After some investigation Pope Leo X dismissed Luther as "a drunken German" who "when sober will change his mind"
  • 1518 - 1520: The problem of Luther became more serious to the Catholic church due to the printing of the 95 Thesis
  • 1520: Pope Leo X warned Luther that he risked excommunication unless he recanted 41 sentences from his writings, including the 95 Theses, within 60 days
  • 3 January 1521: Luther was excommunicated by Pope Leo X
  • 1521: Charles V convened his first diet of the Sovereigns and States at Worms and Martin Luther was investigated
  • May 25, 1521: The Emperor presented the final draft of the Edict of Worms declaring Luther an outlaw, banning his literature and requesting his arrest. It also made it a crime for anyone in Germany to give Luther food or shelter. It permitted anyone to kill Martin Luther without legal consequence. Luther's Protestant views were condemned as heretical by Pope Leo X
  • May 1521-March 1522: Luther went into exile at Wartburg Castle at Eisenach where he lived incognito pretending to be a knight called Junker Jorg
  • 1524-25: The Peasants War
  • 1525: Martin Luther married Catharine Von Boro a nun who under the influence of his teachings had emancipated herself from her religious vows. Catharine was twenty-six years old and Luther forty-two
  • 1526: Luther publishes the German Mass. The First Imperial Diet of Speyer makes Protestant reforms legal
  • 1529: Luther spoke at his famous conference at Marbury. In this conference he obstinately maintained his peculiar views as to the sacrament of the Lord's Supper
  • 1530: The Diet of Augsburg convenes. Holy Roman Emperor Charles V summons the German Lutheran nobility to Augsburg to account for their "Lutheran" views. They present the emperor with Philip Melanchthon's Augsburg Confession which becomes an authoritative profession of Lutheran faith
  • 1537: Luther issues the Schmalkaldic Articles, as a statement of Lutheran doctrine
  • 1545: Luther writes Against the Papacy at Rome Founded by the Devil
  • 1546 Death of Luther in Eisleben on February 18

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